China’s One Child Policy: Success or Failure?

one-child-policy-graphThe policy of birth planning in China was enacted as a population-control strategy amidst concerns of the country’s alarmingly high birth rate and the economic, social, and environmental concerns associated with it. Chinese Chairman Deng Xiao Ping began lobbying for the decree aimed at limiting married couples to one birth in the late 1970s. It was drafted as early as 1977 and was implemented in 1979. An open public letter by the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee officially recognized it as law on Sept. 25, 1980.

In 2006 the State Commission of Population and Family Planning stated that this stringent measure was no longer temporary and was deemed to continue indefinitely. While it did not meet its original objective of zero population growth, state officials were satisfied since China’s birth rate had dropped significantly. A staggering approximation of 400 million births was prevented in just over three decades.

The policy was met with criticism despite its success due to harsh and inhumane penalties. Violators are subjected to fines that can amount to over double the family’s annual income in addition to no longer receiving public services. Many fear destitution and give the unplanned babies to over-populated orphanages in order to avoid afflicting poverty on their families. People of China report government pressure to abort pregnancies even if they are near expected delivery. In some cases women are abducted by officials and involuntarily endure procedures for sterilization or late-term abortion. The families claim that they were unaware of the disappearances or were made to wait by guards.

China is a large country and as such it has always been ruled with authority to maintain stability. The one child policy is just one example, other examples are that the Internet is not freely used. Online gambling, betting and foreign social networks are not allowed or restricted. So websites such as facebook.com or learn2holdem.fr cannot be accessed from China, and even google.com is hard to use as well. These regulations are believed to be necessary to promote hard work and avoid social unrest

The 3 provinces of Jiangxi, Anhui and Zhejiang began practicing an amendment allowing couples that have a parent born out of the one-child policy to have a second child in November 2013. Special consideration was previously given in cases where couples have both parents born out of the one-child policy. Considerations for demographics, minorities, parents with girls or abnormal children, those whose children have died and woman delivering children abroad have also been made in the past. A couple must submit an application to be eligible for consideration no matter the reason for the request.

The birth restrictions leave many Chinese couples dissatisfied with family life. It isn’t uncommon for them to kill or disregard and not report the birth of baby girls due to their desire to have a boy in order to continue the family name. It became such a common practice that it is unlawful for medical practitioners to disclose the gender of a fetus to the parents. Other ways they have dealt with their restrictions are by going to fertility clinics. Since the number of children conceived and delivered has always remained irrelevant and the number of live pregnancies is only dictated by law, they frequent fertility clinics to increase their chances of multiple births.

More pressing negative effects of the policy include their aging population in which there is often only one child to care for the elderly parents as well as their own families. Old people have a number of health problems like joint and liver pain, diabetes or overall pain in the body. As they don’t have a turmeric supplement to relieve the pain and medical coverage is still in its infancy in the countryside, they expect their children to take care of them when they retire.

Another matter is that the male to female ratio makes it increasingly more difficult for the men to find wives. It can leave them with no children to care for them when they age as well as an overall dissatisfaction with life due to lack of companionship. In the event that a child is unlawfully born and the officials learn of it, they can take the child if the parents can’t pay the fine and leave the family to continue life emotionally devastated.

Despite the country enduring these hardships relating to restricted births, more than half of the population supports it. The smaller family size results in lower family and municipal expenses. As a result the economy remained bullish in 2013 with its 7.7% growth.

Organizations for Helping Orphans

orphansNumerous organizations worldwide help orphans lead a normal and healthy life. These non-profit organizations are dedicated to the betterment of orphaned children’s life. They work to provide food, education and shelter to these children through the donations received from businesses, individuals and various organizations. To summarize, their aim is to empower orphaned children so that they make a success of their life. Here are a few organizations that help orphans worldwide .

Help for Orphans International

Help for Orphans International (HFOI) is a non-profit organization that provides orphaned children with nutritious food, water, training and education all over the world. Their aim is to make the children self-sufficient. They also work towards implementing agricultural initiatives that are sustainable and work towards building an eco friendly environment.

This organization works in countries such as Uganda, Kenya, Haiti, Mexico, Guatemala, India and Honduras.

The long-term goals of Help for Orphans International (HFOI) are to make whole communities and orphanages self-sufficient so that the orphans supported by HFOI grow up to become productive and happy individuals who are able to give back to the society what they received.

Helping Orphans by Providing Empowerment (H.O. P. E)

H.O.P.E is an organization that works to link various North American organizations to raise funds. The organization hires impoverished women and trains them so that they have job skills and can earn to make a living out of making beaded jewelry sold in North America. The profits earned by the sale are used for supporting orphans in various areas.

The organization works on the premise that rather than feed them for a day, it is better to empower impoverished women and orphans so that they become self-sufficient and are able to support themselves. They use funds from the profits earned and from donations made by businesses, individuals and others.

Miracle Foundation

This organization believes that every child has the right to belong somewhere and to have a good childhood that includes a family, home and love. The Miracle Foundation helps orphanages and orphans reach their potential by running them properly. They have brought about a revolutionary change in managing and funding the orphanages. Individuals and business can either donate or work with the organization to help them reach their goal to give orphans a good childhood.

This organization works in India.

Orphans Aid International

Established in 2004 in New Zealand, Orphans Aid International set up the first orphanage in 2004 with just four children. The number of children rose to ten and then saw a rapid increase. Children are placed for adoption in loving families so that they get the loving childhood that is their right. They provide medical assistance, education, food and shelter to orphans and thus, break the poverty cycle in which these children live.

Orphans Aid International also works in Romania and is rapidly growing. They have developed a skilled work programmed for tradesmen and workers, who give the community their skills. This empowers the community and helps them become self-sufficient.

Another country in which the organization is working is Russia, where they have prevented babies from being abandoned or left uncared for.

This is a non-profit organization and the funds received are used only for the betterment of the orphanages and orphans.

Helping Orphans Worldwide

Numerous abandoned and uncared for children worldwide are given help by this organization. It searches for such children and provides them with security, home, health and hope. They have worked in places such as Southeast Asia (Philippines and Vietnam). HOW also works with other non-profit organizations to provide long-term assistance to orphans and orphanages so that they are self sufficient and can lead a good live. There have self-sustenance programs for children who have nowhere to go.

All these organizations work for the betterment of orphans and impoverished women all over the world. They welcome donations from businesses, individuals and others to help them in their endeavor. Most of these organizations go in search of children who need help and provide them with what they need the most, i.e. – a loving home, education, security, food and shelter. They also provide them will skills that will enable these children to lead a successful life.

Adopting a baby girl from China

chinese-baby-girlIf you are unable to have children of your own, adopting may be the right option for you. Because there are so many different families throughout the country that are looking to adopt children as well, you may know that this can be a long and drawn out process which can take years. If you do not want to wait a long period of time to be matched with a potential child to adopt from your own country, than choosing to adopt from China can be an exciting opportunity.

Because of China’s over-population and one child laws, you will find that adopting a baby girl from this part of the world is quite simple. While international adoptions can be time consuming and expensive, it is well worth the effort to be able to hold you own baby girl. Simply follow these steps to begin the adoption process today.

Finding an Adoption Agency

To adopt a baby girl from China, you will first need to find an adoption agency in your area that specializes in adoptions from China. The China Center of Adoption Affairs is in charge of all adoptions out of China and will only accept adoptions from those who are working with a registered adoption agency. You can find all acceptable agencies on The China Center of Adoption Affairs website.

Home Study Completion

Before being able to adopt a child, whether it is from your home country or internationally, a home study must be completed. A licensed social worker who works with a registered Chinese adoption agency will visit your home to conduct interviews and to see what your overall living situation is like. This will determine whether or not you are fit to become an adoptive parent.

Completing the Application

After the home study, you will need to complete a full application. This application must include a cover letter, copies of health records and documents, tax documents which show your average yearly income, a criminal background check, pictures of your home and pictures of your family. The documents will need to be notarized and then authenticated by a Chinese Consulate. Completing all of the necessary paperwork can take up to 6 months, so it is important to start preparing these documents now in order to save time.

Adoption Application

Not only will you need to complete the application with supplementary documents, but you will also need to complete an adoption application. This application will include things such as your preferences in the baby girl that you are interested in adopting. You will state the health status that you prefer, age range and other preferences that you seek in the child who will asoon join your family. While some requests may not be possible to meet, the CCAA makes their best effort to seek all requests of the adoptive parents.

Waiting for a Referral

At this stage, it’s time to wait until the CCAA contacts you with a prospective child to adopt. If you are looking to adopt a baby girl with non special needs, be prepared to wait several years for an adoption, as the CCAA can be quite backlogged. The waiting process is the hardest part of your journey and it is important to be patient while checking in with the CCAA on occasion.

Accepting a Referral

Once the CCAA has a prospective child for you to adopt, they will send a letter in the mail with information on the child, her personality type, a picture and more details. You will then decide whether to accept or reject the referral.

Traveling to China

It’s now time to travel to China in order to complete the adoption process. You will head to the Civil Affairs Bureau where you child is located, you will complete a brief interview and then your child will be available for you to pickup. A Chinese passport and exit permit will need to be obtained before leaving the country with your new bundle of joy.